New Education Policy of India, amendments in policy after 34 years

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 New Education Policy has been approved by Indian cabinet in 2020.

This biggest change in Education policy has been seen after 34 years. The remarkable key points of the new education policy are described below:

Fundamentals of first 5 years:

  • Nursery class at the age of 4 Years
  • Jr. KG class at the age of 5 Years
  • Sr. KG class at the age of 6 Years
  • 1st class at the age of 7 Years
  • 2nd class at the age of 8 Years

Preparatory 3 years:

  • 3rd class at the age of 9 Years
  • 4th class at the age of 10 Years
  • 5th class at the age of 11 Years

Middle 3 years:

  • 6th class at the age of 12 Years
  • 7th class at the age of 13 Years
  • 8th class at the age of 14 Years

Secondary education 4 years:

  • 9th class at the age of 15 Years
  • SSC class at the age of 16 Years
  • FSSC-1 class at the age of 17Years
  • FSSC-2 class at the age of 18 Years

Important things:

Students has to appear in board exam for FSSC and 4 years college degree.

No board exam will be conducted for SSC level and MPhil degree will also be closed.

Students up to 5th class will be taught in their respective mother tongue, local language and national language. The remaining subjects, in case of any specific subject like English, then it will be treat as a subject.

Examination methodology will be semester wise instead of yearly exam from 9th to 12th class.

Schooling will be done following the age formula 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 formula (see table above).

College degree completion period will be 3 or 4 years; a certificate will be given after completion first year of graduation, diploma after second year, degree at the end of third year.

3-year degree is for those students who do not have to take higher education. At the same time, students doing higher education will have to do a 4-year degree. 4 years college degree holders can get master degree after 1 year of college studies.

MA students will be able to do PHD directly without any intermediate degree of MPhil.

Optional courses can be taken in between any ongoing college degree. Gross enrollment ratio approximately  50% by 2035 in college degrees. The new education policy also covering the clause which states that, if a student wants to take an additional course in the middle of his/her degree, then it can be taken a second course by taking a semester or freezing the ongoing college degree.

Many systematic reforms have also been made in higher education. Improvement clause include graded academic, administrative and financial autonomy of the system. Apart from this, e-courses will be started in regional languages which is not available so for. Planning to develop virtual Labs. A National Educational Scientific Forum (NETF) will be started soon. Total number of colleges in the country are 44.

Uniform rules will remains same and enforced for non-compliant all government, deemed institutions and private institutes.

According to this rule, new academic session will start.

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